Последние


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Перед вами две самые известные представительницы острова Тасмания. Печально известные. Первая женщина, принцесса Труганини, была последней представительницей коренного народа Тасмании, вторая — Фанни Кокрейн Смит — последней носительницей языка аборигенов.

До колонизации острова европейцами на его территории проживало предположительно от двух до семи тысяч аборигенов. В 1824 году, спустя двадцать один год после начала английской экспансии, численность местных жителей сократилась до 340 человек. По скольку колонисты были в основном мужчины, они стали устраивать регулярные набеги на племена, похищая местных девушек. Это и сокращение числа кенгуру, основной пищи тасманийцев, привело к началу вооруженного конфликта, получившего название «Черная война». Одной из операций этой войны была «Черная цепь»: 2000 человек, выстроившись в линию, в течении трёх недель должны были идти и оттеснять аборигенов на Юг. Операция провалилась так, как удалось поймать всего двух тасманийцев, но показала на сколько неравны силы противоборствующих сторон.

В 1830 году Английское правительство меняет тактику на более миролюбивую, решив изолировать аборигенов. Данный плакат должен был показать, что белые люди пришли с миром. Заручившись поддержкой Труганини и её отца, английский проповедник Джордж Робинсон начинает переселение оставшихся тасманийцев на остров Флиндерс. Труганини путешествует с ними по всей Тасмании в поисках соплеменников, помогая в качестве переводчика. Пока она отсутствует англичане убивают её мать и жениха, а сестер уводят в рабство. Переселение (eng.) не спасло аборигенов: болезни, привезенные европейцами и непривычная еда — только ускорили их вымирание. До наших дней дошли лишь фотографии тасманийцев в нелепой европейской одежде и песни Кокрейн Смит на мёртвом уже языке.

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